Starvation refers to any practices, actions, or processes that result in the destruction, removal, or rendering of indispensable objects necessary for the survival of the civilian population, including but not limited to food, agricultural areas, pastures, livestock, drinking water installations and supplies, irrigation works, and fishing boats. This also includes polluting vital areas with mines and remnants of war or imposing illegal royalties on works and facilities that generate income for their owners and employees. Since the outbreak of the conflict in Yemen in late 2014, Mwatana for Human Rights has documented numerous violations committed by parties to the conflict that have contributed to the starvation of civilians.